[사회] Addressing youth unemployment through industries without smokestacks: A Zambia case study
잠비아 국외연구자료 연구보고서 - Brookings 발간일 : 2022-04-12 등록일 : 2022-06-17 원문링크
With a cyclical and capital-intensive copper industry, landlocked Zambia faces a number of hurdles to economic diversification and job creation even as the labor force has grown rapidly. The headline story about structural transformation from the past three decades is: (a) a manufacturing sector that has plateaued at below 10 percent in share of GDP and only 4 percent of employment; (b) a service sector that has grown explosively and now accounts for 54 percent of GDP and 24 percent of employment; and (c) an agricultural sector with only 3 percent share of GDP but a substantial 57 percent share of employment. Over 85 percent of the labor force is employed in an expanding but low productivity informal sector, as a result of the stunting of the formal sector, which employs less than 15 percent of labor. Youth unemployment is high and the failure to generate enough high productivity jobs is a major factor in the rising inequality in Zambia.
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